Pound Farm, Lost Beneath Framlingham

Original Extent of Pound Farm, FramPound Farm consisted of about 32 acres of farmland lying along the east side of the Badingham Road out of Framlingham. Today the farm land is lost beneath the Pageant Field, the Sports Club and the ribbon of housing that has built up along that side of the Badingham Road and the bungalows along the north side of the Sax Road (see map to right). The farm cottage remains standing as Pound Cottage (14 Badingham Road), but the farmyard on the opposite side of the Badingham Road is lost beneath the Haynings Mill housing development.

The name 'Pound Farm' implies a farm with a pound where stray animals could be brought and where farmers who had lost their stock would come to claim them. A 'Pinfold'{1} can be seen on the 1883 Ordnance Survey map below, which is another name for a pound for stray animals.

Before being allowed to retrieve their stray animals, the owner had to pay:
The pound keeper often used an ingenious tally stick system to allow the owner to prove that they had paid the fine to the finder [SCM1930]. The finder would cut notches in a stick, one for each beast found, then split the stick down the middle of the notches, giving one half to the pound keeper. The owner had to visit the finder to pay their fine, in return for the finder's half of the tally stick. Then the owner could return to the pound to pay the keeper's fee and match the tally stick halves to prove to the pound keeper that they had paid the finder's fine as well.

In 1923, my Great Grandfather, Isaac Larter, bought Pound Farm from Mrs Myrtle Kalinka Carrie Honor Lunham of British Columbia for £1,070. The day before, she had bought it for £122 9s 8d from the Lord of the Manor of Framlingham at the Castle, having taken advantage of a new Act of Parliament in 1922, which allowed 'copyhold' tenants{2} of manorial land to buy it from the manor outright (freehold).

2 years earlier, in 1921, Myrtle had inherited Pound Farm from her mother, Amy Brookes, who had inherited it (only during her lifetime) from her uncle, Wingfield Alexander Stanford, the only son & heir of John Stanford who had owned and farmed Pound Farm at the time of Framlingham's Tithe Survey in 1842 [FramTithe1842] (the tithe surveys of every parish provide historians with a detailed snapshot of land ownership and occupation around that time).

The evidence for how much of Pound Farm Isaac bought in 1923 is somewhat ambiguous, because I have only seen two documents (see later) that recite what was in the conveyance (not the actual conveyance itself):
I suspect Isaac bought the whole of Pound Farm, not just the northern half, but I have not yet uncovered the deed that would prove this beyond doubt. He certainly owned the southern-most field at one time because I know Framlingham Town Council bought what became the Pageant Field recreation ground from Isaac in 1933, using the profits from the 1931 Framlingham Pageant held at the castle [Hulme2015, Bartie]. The year before (1932), Framlingham Town Football Club had moved from Red House Farm to Haynings Meadow [HistoryFTFC], which was renamed the Pageant Field in 1933. Then, in 1951, the Club established itself on its present site [HistoryFTFC], after buying the northern half of Pound Farm from Isaac in 1950.

The Club arranged a loan of £400 from Isaac at the same time (March 1950), mortgaging the land back to him that they had just bought from him. Two months later, the club had sold the roadside edge of the northern half of Pound Farm to Frank Edwin, a fruit grower from Charsfield. Then they immediately used the proceeds to pay off the mortgage. Frank Edwin established orchards all along the Badingham Road there, as can be seen from the 1957 Ordnance Survey below. But today the orchards are all grubbed out and detached houses now stand all along the east side of the Badingham Road.

Regarding the bungalows along the north of the Sax Rd (the southern edge of Pound Farm), according to the story passed down through my family, Isaac had them built for the families of his farm workers. This might be complete fantasy, because I have no record of it, nor a record of any sales. So, any information about this would be most welcome. Similarly, information about how the fire station and police house came into being would be of great interest.

Indeed, If you have any correction, or additional information about Pound Farm, you are more than welcome to contact the author via the link at the end to help improve this page.

Contents of this page

The rest of this page records all the evidence used to build up a picture of Pound Farm, drawing on:
All the deeds are listed in reverse chronological order.

Maps Covering Pound Farm

Pound Farm on the 1842 Tithe map and apportionment

Below is an extract from the 1842 Tithe Map of Framlingham [FramTithe1842], with the property owned and occupied by John Stanford edged in purple. I have annotated each parcel of John Stanford's land with its field name, area and state of cultivation as identified on p29 of the Framlingham Tithe Apportionment [FramTithe1842] via each parcel number. Click on the map for a larger scale view.

Pound Farm, Framlingham; Annotated 1842 Tithe Map
Pound Farm, Framlingham (1842)
Source: Tithe map and apportionment records [FramTithe1842] courtesy of Suffolk Records Office

Ordnance Survey Maps of Pound Farm through the ages

1883 OS map of Pound Farm, Framlingham overlaid with present day (2024) satellite imagary 1903 OS map of Pound Farm, Framlingham overlaid with present day (2024) satellite imagary 1957 OS map of Pound Farm, Framlingham overlaid with present day (2024) satellite imagary
1883
1903
1957
Ordnance Survey maps of Pound Farm through the ages overlaid with present-day satellite imagery.
Source: National Library of Scotland (click on each map to be taken to the originals).

Modern Deeds covering Pound Farm

The following deeds are held by Framlingham Sports Club, which now owns the north east part of the area previously known as Pound Farm.

Larger scale photos of the more interesting or relevant deeds can be accessed by clicking/tapping on the thumbnail images of them. The significant information is also transcribed here, with various degrees of abbreviation and accuracy, both to provide a quick summary and to make the information searchable.

Legal Charge of Pound Farm Land

3 Mar 1950
Mortgage between The Rev'd M.W. Bulstrode and others [as trustees of Framlingham Sports Club] and Isaac Larter
(The land is identified as OS No 373, but with an area of 16.422 acres, which implies that the three fields identified in the 1923 conveyance had taken on this single OS number by 1950.)

Mortgage Sports Club Trustees to Isaac Larter, 3 Mar 1950Mortgage Sports Club Trustees to Isaac Larter, 3 Mar 1950Mortgage Sports Club Trustees to Isaac Larter, 3 Mar 1950

Between THE REVEREND MARTIN WILLIAM BULSTRODE of the Rectory Framlingham in the County of Suffolk Clerk in Holy Orders [and others ...] (hereinafter together called the mortgagers...) of the one part and ISAAC LARTER of Hatherleigh Farm Framlingham in the County of Suffolk Farmer (hereinafter called the mortgagee ...) of the other part WITNESSETH as follows :-
1. In consideration of the sum of £400 now paid to the Mortgagers by the Mortgagee the Mortgagers hereby covenant with the Mortgagee in manner following:
(1) To Pay to the Mortgagee on 20 May next the sum of £400 with interest thereon in the meantime at the rate of 3% pa and if and so long as any principal money remains owing on the security hereof after that day to pay to the Mortgagee interest thereon at the rate aforesaid by equal half yearly payments on the 20 Nov and 20 May in every year.
(2) That the Mortgagors will so long as any money remains owing on the Security hereof keep all houses and buildings now standing or hereafter to be erected on the property hereby charged insured against fire in the sum of £400 ...
(3) That the statutory power of insurance shall be exercisable by the mortgagee in case of a breach of any of the provisions of the covenant last aforesaid
(4) That the Mortgagors shall not without the consent in writing of the Mortgagee exercise any of the statutory powers of leasing agreeing to lease or accepting surrenders but it shall not be necessary to express such consent in any lease agreement or surrender
(5) That during the continuance of this security no person shall be registered under the Land Registration Act 1925 as proprietor of the property hereby charged or any part thereof without the consent of the Mortgagee and such consent may be given on the terms that a charge be registered for giving effect to this security.
2.
(1) For the consideration aforesaid the Mortgagers as BENEFICIAL OWNERS hereby charge by way of legal mortgage ALL the property described in the Schedule hereto with the payment to the Mortgagee of the principal money interest and other money which the Mortgagers may under the foregoing covenants or by law be liable to pay to the Mortgagee
(2) For the purposes of this charge the legal right of redemption ceases on the said 20 May next and in favour of a purchases the statutory power of sale is exercisable from and after that date.
...
The SCHEDULE
Particulars of freehold property at Framlingham in the County of Suffolk
All that piece or parcel of land situate in Framlingham in the County of Suffolk adjoining the Badingham Road there containing 16.422 acres or thereabouts is Numbered 373 on the Ordnance Survey Map for the said Parish and for the purposes of identity only is delineated on the map or plan drawn on the Conveyance to the Mortgagors dated 2 Mar 1950 and thereon surrounded by a red verge line.

(The Legal Charge was subsequently annotated with the following 2 memos:)

MEMORANDUM:- By Conveyance dated 19th May 1950 made between the within named Isaac Larter (Mortgagee) of the first part the within named Martin William Bullstrode Frederick Finbow Henry Moore Turner and Kenneth Harry Boast (Vendors) of the second part and Frank Edwin Charsfield Suffolk Fruit Grower (Purchaser) of the third part ALL THAT piece or parcel of land situate in Framlingham containing 4.400 acres of thereabouts part No. 373 on the Ordnance Map was conveyed to the Purchaser in fee simple discharged from all rincipal money and interest secured by and from all claims under the above written Legal Charge.

I, ISAAC LARTER of Hatherleigh Farm Framlingham in the County of Suffolk Farmer hereby acknowledge that I have this 29 Sep 1955 received the sum of £400 representing the principal money secured by the within written Legal Charge together with all the interest and costs the payment having been pade by the within named Martin William Bullstrode, Frederick Finbow, Henry Moore Turner and Kenneth Harry Boast.


Acknowledgement to the right to production of a Conveyance (regarding Pound Farm) dated 17th May 1923

2 Mar 1950
Isaac Larter to The Rev'd M.W. Bulstrode and others [as trustees of Framlingham Sports Club]

Acknowledgement to the right to production of a Conveyance regarding Pound Farm dated 17th May 1923

I, Isaac Larter of Hatherleigh Farm Framlingham in the County of Suffolk Farmer HEREBY ACKNOWLEDGE your right to production of a conveyance dated 17 May 1923 made between Myrtle Kalinka Carrie Honor Lunham the wife of Oswald Howey Lunham (therein called the Vendor) of the one part and myself (therein called the Purchaser) of the other part relating (inter alia) to all that piece of land in Framlingham adjoining the Badingham Road there containing 16.422 acres or thereabouts and is numbered 373 on the Ordnance Survey Map for the said Parish and other properties and to delivery of copies thereof AND I HEREBY undertake with you for the safe custody thereof.

Conveyance of Pound Farm (TBA)

From Isaac Larter to The Rev'd M.W. Bulstrode and others [as trustees of Framlingham Sports Club]
2 Mar 1950.
For the Sports to be taking out a £400 mortgage on the Pound Farm land on 2 Mar 1950 from Isaac Larter, they must have just bought it from him, presumably being £400 short of the cash required to buy it. But I am yet to find a copy of the conveyance deed.

Conveyance of Pound Farm (TBA)

From Myrtle Kalinka Carrie Honor Lunham to Isaac Larter
17 May 1923 (the day after her above enfranchisement) for £1,070 (this conveyance is described in the abstract below, written 1949, and in the undertaking for its safe custody and acknowledgement below of the Sports Club's right to its production and delivery, written 2 Mar 1950).

Abstract of Title (of Pound Farm)

1 Mar 1950 (abstract of the deeds supporting the conveyance and mortgage listed next)
Freehold Land situate in Framlingham in the County of Suffolk [all that land known as Pound Farm]

Pound Farm, Abstract of Title, 1 Mar 1950

17 May 1923: By indenture so dated and made between Myrtle Kalinka Carrie Honor Lunham the wife of Oswald Howey Lunham of the Knoll Cowichan in British Columbia (thereinafter called the Vendor) of the one part and Isaac Larter of Hatherley Farm Framlingham in the County of Suffolk Farmer (thereinafter called the Purchaser) of the other part
RECITING the Vendor being then seized in fee simple in possession free from encumbrances of the farm buildings and land thereinafter described and intended to be thereby conveyed had contracted with the Purchaser for the sale to him for a like estate of the same for the sum of £1... [obscured]
It was witnessed that in consideration of the sum of £1070 to the Vendor then paid by the Purchaser (the rect etc)the Vendor as beneficial owner thereby conveyed unto the Purchaser
ALL THAT Farm house buildings lands and hereditaments known as Pound Farm situate in the Parish of Framlingham in the County of Suffolk containing according to the Ord. Sur. of the said Parish 35a. 22p all which such hereditaments and premises were more particularly described in the Schedule thereto and for their more certain identification but not furr. or otherwise were delineated in the plan annexed to abstg. presents and were thereon coloured pink
TO HOLD the same unto and to the use of the Purchaser in fee simple

The schedule thereinbefore referred to [visible on the 1903 OS map below, with a modern satellite image overlaid, and map acreages shown in brackets]:

No. on Ord. Plan
INTER ALIA
State
Quantity
a. r. p.
[1903 OS Map
acreage]
405 arable
4. 3. 33.
[4.954]
372
do
5. 1. 8.
[5.393]
373
do
6. 0. 37.
[6.229]
[Total]

[16. 1. 38.]
[16.576]

Executed by the Vendor and attached

Various Memorandums endorsed on the before abstracted indenture but which do not affect the property referred to in this abstract

Conveyance of Pound Farm (TBA)

From Myrtle Kalinka Carrie Honor Lunham to Isaac Larter
17 May 1923 for £1,070 (conveyance described in the abstract above, written 1949, and in the undertaking for its safe custody and acknowledgement above of the Sports Club's right to its production and delivery, written 2 Mar 1950).


Manorial Deeds Covering Pound Farm

Normally the vendor does not continue to hold a copy of deeds after property is sold. However, these manorial deeds were found along with the other deeds of our family farm, even though my Great Grandfather sold away Pound Farm in 1950. This would have been because these deeds were of historical interest only, and not material to the conveyance.

Larger scale photos of the more interesting/relevant deeds can be accessed by clicking/tapping on the thumbnail images of them. The significant information is also transcribed here, with various degrees of abbreviation and accuracy, in order to make the information searchable.

The description of the land making up Pound Farm in these deeds is unfathomable. Virtually the same description is recited in each deed but it bears little comparison with the arrangement of the fields that John Stanford owned in 1842, when the Tithe Commissioners recorded his lands against the tithe map (see above). Very few of the abuttals around each field match or abut upon the other parcels, as if they are all pretty much isolated parcels.

Deed of Enfranchisement

16 May 1923

from the Lords of the Manor of Framlingham at the Castle to Mrs Myrtle Kalinka Carrie Honor Lunham
Wife of Oswald H Lunham of The Knoll, Cowichan, Vancouver Island, British Columbia
For £122 9s 8d (the day before her above conveyance of the same land for £1,070)


1923-05-16 Hannings Copyhold Enfranchisement Lunham cover 1923-05-16 Hannings Copyhold Enfranchisement Lunham p1 1923-05-16 Hannings Copyhold Enfranchisement Lunham p2 1923-05-16 Hannings Copyhold Enfranchisement Lunham p3

The Schedule - First Part (copyhold hereditaments parcel of the said Manor) [26ac in total according to the Admission of 1922]

All that one piece of pasture (c.8ac) part of one Close containing c.14ac late of the demesnes of this Manor and called Hannings lying at Whatling Went between:
W
pt: the freehold lands formerly of Edward Nuttall (also called Hannings) afterwards of Robert Hawes and then of Robert List

pt: the lands heretofore of Robert Chambers called Pens Meadow
E
the residue of the said 14ac called Hannings (formerly of John Ropkins)
N
abutting upon copyhold lands of this Manor called Hale Field
S
pt: [abutting] upon freehold land heretofore of Thomas Nuttall called Hannings

pt: the copyhold lands heretofore of Thomas Saverne and late of said Robert List

pt: the highway leading from Framlingham to Cransford

And also one piece of land upon which a tenement was heretofore built but is now wasted lying in the aforesaid Close called Hannings (c.1r) near the Highway there

And also a parcel of land lying at the end of an orchard belonging to a messuage formerly of the said Robert List and afterwards of George Edwards (half a rood)

And also all those three pieces or parcels of land or pasture called Hale Fields or by whatsoever other name or names the same be called or known (c.15ac) with all and singular the appurtenances lying together in Framlingham aforesaid between

E
of Richard Golty Clerk called Mill Mount
W
the highway
S
abutting upon lands heretofore of Thomas Kett called Hannings

And also one piece of land of the tenement Cresses (c.3ac) heretofore of William England lying in a close called the Lyon Close in Framlingham

And also all those four several pieces of land late parcel of the Waste of the said Manor lying in Framlingham ...
the first piece (c.30p) abutteth
W
upon the Highway Leading to Badingham
E
land formerly of John Stanford

ending in points at the N and S ends
the second piece (1r 20p) abutteth
NW
upon the said Highway
E or SE
land formerly of the said John Stanford
N or NE
upon land granted to William Folkard

ending in a point towards the SW
the third piece (c.6p) abutteth
W
land formerly of the said John Stanford
S
upon land granted to George Edwards
E
upon the said Highway
N
upon the next described piece of land
the fourth piece (c.36p)
N
land formerly of the said John Stanford
E
Waste land of the said Manor
S
upon the Highway leading to Saxmundham
W
ending in a point

The Schedule - Second Part (freehold of the said Manor liable to free rents (and other Manorial incidents)) [c.9ac in total according to the Admission of 1922]

A certain piece of land lying in a close called Hannings heretofore Hawes and also contain other lands heretofore Strutts and Alexandas formerly of Robert List and afterwards of Jane his Widow

And also a freehold cottage now wasted in Hannings late Robert Hawes

all which premises were late the estate of the said Wingfield Alexander Stanford deceased.

The Admission of Mrs Myrtle Kalinka Carrie Honor Lunham

under the Will of Mr Wingfield Alexander Stanford after the death of Mrs Amy Brooke
18 Nov 1922

1922-11-18 Pound  Farm Copyhold Admission Lunham cover 1922-11-18 Pound  Farm Copyhold Admission Lunham p1 1922-11-18 Pound  Farm Copyhold Admission Lunham p2 1922-11-18 Pound  Farm Copyhold Admission Lunham p3 1922-11-18 Pound  Farm Copyhold Admission Lunham p4

Whereas Wingfield Alexander Stanford formerly a copyhold or customary tenant of this Manor died 14 May 1895 having by his Will date 29 Mar 1895 and proved on 18 Jun 1895 in the Principal Probate Registry gives and devises as follows "I give and devise all three closes pieces or parcels of land and other hereditaments common called 'The Pound Farm' situate in Framlingham Suffolk containing in all about 35ac (26ac of copyhold tenure and the residue of freehold tenure) together with the Homestead Cottage Barn and other buildings thereon unto and to the use of my niece Amy Brooke the Wife of the Reverend James Mark Saurin Brooke and her assigns for the term of her natural life and after the decease of the said Amy Brooke unto and to the use of her daughter Myrtle Kalinka Carrie Honor Brooke in fee simple"
And whereas on 19 Oct 1895 the said Amy Brooke was admitted under the said Will as tenant for life to the premises copyhold of this Manor hereinafter described
And whereas the said Amy Brooke died on 15 Mar 1921
And whereas the said Myrtle Kalinka Carrie Honor Brooke intermarried with and is now the wife of Oswald  H Lunham of "The Knoll," Cowichan Vancouver Island, British Columbia
Now be it Remembered that on the day and year first above written comes the said Myrtle Kalinka Carrie Honor Lunham (by Thomas Humphrey John Porter her Attorney) before Thomas Musgrave Francis Gentleman Steward of this Manor at his office in the town of Cambridge and humbly prays to be admitted tenant to the premises copyhold of this Manor hereinafter described which the said Amy Brooke dec'd held for her life by virtue of the said Will and which were so devised to her the said Myrtle Kalinka Carrie Honor Lunham in remainder as aforesaid (that is to say)

All that one piece of pasture (c.8ac) heretofore parcel of one Close containing c.14ac late of the demesnes of this Manor and called Hannings lying at Whatling Went between:
...Description of the land is identical to Myrtle's Deed of Enfranchisement above, except the rent for a parcel of land lying at the end of an orchard... is 4d halfpenny [not just 4d]

(To all which promises the said Wingfield Alexander Stanford was admitted tenant to him and his heirs on 11 Nov 1875 under the Will of his father Wingfield Alexander Stanford dec'd) To whom upon her said prayer (by her said Attorney) the Lords of this Manor by their said Steward grant and deliver seisin thereof by the rod To hold the same with the appurtenances unto the said Myrtle Kalinka Carrie Honor Lunham her heirs and assigns according to the form and effect of the said Will of the said Wingfield Alexander Stanford  (the Son) of the Lords of this Manor by the rod at the will of the said Lords according to the custom of this Manor by the several annual rents aforesaid fealty suit of Court and other services therefor due and of right accustomed And she is (by her said Attorney) thereto admitted Tenant saving everyone's right and she pays to the Lords for a fine as appears etc but her fealty is respited until etc

T Musgrave Francis
Steward

1923 Abstract of Will of Wingfield Alexander Stanford Esq dec'd

29 Mar 1895 (2 months before his death)
des'ed as of the White House Badingham
Pound Farm 32ac unto his niece Amy Brooke, the Wife of the Rev'd James Mark Saurin Brooke of Clock House Tottenham and after her decease unto & to the use of her daughter Myrtle Kalinke Carrie Honor Brooke in fee simple.
14 May 1895 Testor died
18 Jun 1895 Will proved
15 Mar 1921 The said Amy Brooke died

Admission of Mrs Amy Brooke (for life) under the Will of Wingfield Alexander Stanford dec'd

The Manor of Framlingham at the Castle
19 Oct 1895

1895-10-19 Haynings Copyhold Admission of Brooke, Amy cover 1895-10-19 Haynings Copyhold Admission of Brooke, Amy p1 1895-10-19 Haynings Copyhold Admission of Brooke, Amy p2

Whereas it is represented that Wingfield Alexander Stanford a copyhold or customary tenant of this Manor died 14 May 1895
On the day above first mentioned comes Amy Brooke, Wife of the Reverend James Mark Saurin Brooke late of the Clock House Tottenham Middlesex now of Frith Grange Mill Hill in the same county Clerk in Holy Orders (by Thomas Humphrey John Porter her Attorney) before Thomas Musgrave Francis Gentleman Steward of the Manor at his office in the town of Cambridge and provides the probate of the last Will of the said Wingfield Alexander Stanford deceased, which will dated 29 Mar 1895 was proved on 18 Jun 1895 in the Principal Registry of the Probate Division of the High Court of Justice and contains the following words "I give and devise all three closes pieces or parcels of land and other hereditaments common called 'The Pound Farm' situate in Framlingham Suffolk containing in all about 35ac (26ac of copyhold tenure and the residue of freehold tenure) together with the Homestead Cottage Barn and other buildings thereon unto and to the use of my niece Amy Brooke the Wife of the Reverend James Mark Saurin Brooke and her assigns for the term of her natural life" And thereupon the said Amy Brooke (by her paid Attorney) humbly prays to be admitted tenant to the premises held of this Manor by Copy of Court Roll herein after described of which the said Wingfield Alexander Stanford died ?....id (that is to say)

All that one piece of pasture (c.8ac) heretofore parcel of one Close containing c.14ac late of the demesnes of this Manor and called Haynings lying at Whatling Went between:
W
pt: the freehold lands formerly of Edward Nuttall (also called Hannings) afterwards of Robert Hawes and then of Robert List

pt: the lands heretofore of Robert Chambers called Pens Meadow
E
the residue of the said 14ac called Hannings (formerly of John Ropkins)
N
abutting upon copyhold lands of this Manor called Hale Field
S
pt: [abutting] upon freehold land heretofore of Thomas Nuttall called Hannings

pt: the copyhold lands heretofore of Thomas Saverne and late of said Robert List

pt: the highway leading from Framlingham to Cransford
and held of this Manor by the annual rent of 6s 8d.

And also one piece of land upon which a tenement was heretofore built but is now wasted lying in the aforesaid Close called Hannings and containing by estimation 1r near the Highway there and holden of this Manor by the annual rent of 4d

And also a parcel of land lying at the end of an orchard belonging to a messuage formerly of the said Robert List and afterwards of George Edwards containing half a rood and holden of this Manor by the annual rent of 4d.

And also all those three pieces parcels of land or pasture called Hale Fields or by whatsoever other name or names the same be called or known containing by estimation c15ac with all and singular the appurtenances lying together in Framlingham aforesaid between

E
heretofore of Richard Golty Clerk called Mill Mount
W
the Highway
S
abutting upon lands heretofore of Thomas Kett called Hannings
and holden of this Manor by the annual rent of 6s 8d

And also one piece of land of the tenement Cresses containing by estimation c3ac heretofore of William England lying in a Close called the Lyon Close in Framlingham and holden of this Manor by the annual rent of 3s 2d

And also all those four several pieces of land late parcels of the Waste of this Manor lying in Framlingham aforesaid
the first piece whereof containeth c30p and abutteth
W
upon the Highway Leading to Badingham
E
land formerly of John Stanford

ending in a point at the N and S ends thereof
the second piece (1r 20p) abutteth
NW
upon the said Highway
E or SE
land formerly of the said John Stanford
N or NE
upon land granted to William Folkard

ending in a point towards the SW
the third piece (c.6p) abutteth
W
land formerly of the said John Stanford
S
upon land granted to George Edwards
E
upon the said Highway
N
upon the next described piece of land
the fourth piece (c.36p)
N
land formerly of the said John Stanford
E
Waste land of the said Manor
S
upon the Highway leading to Saxmundham
W
ending in a point
(To all which promises the said Wingfield Alexander Stanford was admitted tenant to him and his heirs on 11 Nov 1875 under the Will of his father Wingfield Alexander Stanford dec'd) To whom upon her said prayer (by her said Attorney) the Lords of this Manor by their said Steward grant and deliver seisin thereof by the rod To hold the same with the appurtenances unto the said Amy Brooke and her assigns for the term of her natural life according to the form and effect of the said Will of the said Wingfield Alexander Stanford  (the Son) of the Lords of this Manor by the rod at the will of the said Lords according to the custom of this Manor by the several annual rents aforesaid fealty suit of Court and other services therefore due and of right accustomed And she is (by her said Attorney) thereto admitted Tenant saving everyone's right and she pays to the Lords for a fine as appears etc but her fealty is respited until etc

T Musgrave Francis
Steward

Admission of Mr W A Stanford. Manor of Framlingham at the Castle

7 Oct 1840
Pound Farm copyhold 27-32
2 proclamations - no-one came forward so 2 defaults recorded
3rd proclamation Wingfield Alexander Stanford only son & heir of ... John Stanford dec'd
[Same listing of fields as in his Will above.]
 

Notes

{1} There appears to have been an earlier Pinfold over the other side of Fram. In c.1712, there were "three pieces of land about the mill on Mount Pleasant" called Pinfolds. In 1842, the Fram Tithe map shows a parcel immediately to the north of the Mount Pleasant mill called Upper Pinfold [Bridges2020]
{2} Copyhold was close to owning the land outright (freehold). It's called 'copyhold' because the lord of the manor holds the deeds, but the copyholder holds a copy of the deeds. The copyholder can sell the copyhold or leave it in their will. Then the new holder has to ask the lord of the manor to 'admit' them to the copyhold, which involves payment of a small entry 'fine'. Originally, the copyholder also had an obligation of service to the lord, but the 'service' involved tended to become insignificant or non-existent after the C16. At the next session of the manorial court the lord's decision on admission was made and recorded. It was always customary for the lord to agree, but they didn't have to in certain circumstances, like if the heir was in debtors' jail, etc. Nonetheless, the lord could require the copyhold to be surrendered in order to sell the land. An Act of Parliament in 1922 gave copyholders the right to buy their land outright, which was called enfranchisement. This removed the last meaningful purpose of manorial courts, effectively ending feudal land tenure.


References

[Bartie] Angela Bartie, Linda Fleming, Mark Freeman, Tom Hulme, Alex Hutton, Paul Readman, ‘Framlingham Castle Pageant’, The Redress of the Past, www.historicalpageants.ac.uk/pageants/1068/ (last accessed 29 Jan 2024)

[Bridges2020] The Mills of Framlingham, pt 1, by John F Bridges, Fram, December Update 2020, 2 Dec 2020

[FramTithe1842] Tithe map of Framlingham and Framlingham Tithe Apportionment (1842); National Archives ref: IR 30/33/168

[Hulme2015] Tony Hulme (and Mark Freeman), 'Searching for the Framlingham Pageant', Blog (17 Jun 2015); historicalpageants.ac.uk/publications/blog/searching-framlingham-pageant/

[HistoryFTFC] Framlingham Town Football Club History, on The Official Website of the Eastern Counties Football League; thurlownunnleague.com/first-division-north-club-directory/framlingham-town/ (last accessed 29 Jan 2024)

[SCM1930] Sussex County Magazine, 1930, quoted on the 'Animal pound' Wikipedia page en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Animal_pound

The set of modern deeds referred to above are held by Framlingham Sports Club

The set of historical manorial deeds referred to above are held by the author, Bob Briscoe, on behalf of the JC Larter & Co farming partnership.



Compiled by Bob Briscoe
28 Jan 2024
Drawing on an earlier collection of the manorial deeds covering JC Larter & Co's land at Framlingham: 22-23 May 2017